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IVA (Individual Voluntary Arrangements): Get a Quick Overview

An IVA or Individual Voluntary Arrangement is basically a legal contract that done between your creditors and you. It allows you to repay a certain amount of money depending upon a new agreement. As well as, the court will also approve it and the creditors must stick to it.

For the unversed, an Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA) is a formal contract between the debtor and his multiple creditors to write off the debts. The debtor agrees to make regular IVA contributions for a set IVA duration whereby the creditor agrees to waive any remaining obligation of the debtor after the IVA ends. In this agreement between the two essential parties, an IVA Insolvency practitioner is the one who works out every aspect of the IVA. 

An IVA Advice can be the right choice for some people who are presently dealing with a huge sum of debt. It can give you better control of your assets than bankruptcy. Equally, it is a lawful understanding between your leasers and you in which you need to pay a reasonable month to month for a certain period of time.

What is an IVA in UK and How to apply for an iva online?

Individual Voluntary Arrangement meaning is mainly a  IVA debt help solution plan that will help you to deal with the debt that someone is struggling to repay. It is a form of insolvency but differs from bankruptcy.

However, it should be set up by a qualified and experienced person. As well as to protect your income, IVA Help is the best to use. In case you are in a profession that will not allow bankruptcy as a reasonable solution to debts, then you might want to keep safe your money.

Individual Voluntary Arrangement

An IVA is a legally binding agreement between you and the people you owe money to. This means when you’ve signed it, it can be difficult for you or your creditors to back out. And if you do back out, there are likely to be hefty penalties.

How to set up an IVA

You have to set up an IVA through best IVA company UK.

There might also be up-front charges to pay before your IVA has been set up. These can differ a lot between IVA providers. You’ll also pay a monthly payment to oversee the IVA.

There are also fees to pay to the insolvency practitioner, which are usually taken from your monthly payments.

It’s always best to get advice from a free debt advice service. They should also be able to recommend an IVA provider for you and apply for an iva online understand the different fees and charges if you want to choose one yourself.

How an IVA works

An IVA must be set up by a qualified person, called an insolvency practitioner. This will be a lawyer or an accountant. The insolvency practitioner will charge fees for the IVA. These can often be high and are based on the amount you pay back through the IVA. The insolvency practitioner deals with your creditors throughout the life of the IVA

Since you are not entitled to get an IVA yourself, the Insolvency Practitioner proves helpful. How does IVA works be a question that every individual considering IVA as their debt option ponders about? Thus,

here are a few vital points to explain how an IVA works.

  • An IVA typically lasts for four to five years since its commencement. 
  • The debtor cannot default on making regular IVA repayments during an IVA.
  • During an IVA, all other debt charges and interest rates freeze.
  • IVA set up and determining the minimum IVA repayment amount is done by the Insolvency Practitioner. 
  • The IVA proposal is deemed approved if the majority of the creditors (more than 75%) agree to the terms of the IVA repayment plan. 
  • Once the IVA is in effect, neither cannot cancel it unless a strong reason arises. 
  • The creditor writes off the debtor’s remaining debts after the IVA ends.

If you go to a debt management company for an IVA, find out about how much they will charge before you decide. A debt management company is likely to be more expensive because they charge a fee on top of the insolvency practitioner’s fees.

How Does an IVA Affect Your Life?

By chance, if you have failed to keep promises to your creditors and unable to repay the amount of money in time then they will try to force you to bankruptcy. But with an Individual Voluntary Arrangement meaning, you will be able to make the creditors understand that they will definitely get more money than previous if they give you another chance.

An IVA is flexible and fulfills all your requirements. But in a few instances, it can be costly and there are few risks to consider as well. Let’s take a look at how stepchange IVA impacts your life.


If you have an IVA it will not usually affect your job but if you are an accountant or solicitor and have an IVA, then you can’t practice or can practice in a few conditions. In case you have any doubts regarding IVA Register, then first you have to check the terms and conditions of your contract. Also, check it says if you should continue to work or not.


Remember that, the possessions that you use in your home are not afflicted by an IVA. However, if you have any precious jewelry, then you will be able to considered to sell those items and repay the debt.


Assets including a home, a car, an area of land, etc itself have a significant value. Sometimes selling these assets might help you to repay the debt. In case you think an how to Apply for IVA is reliable for you then the insolvency practitioner will talk about your assets with you. They will guide you whether you should keep them or sell them. 

Credit Rating

Despite the positive effects of IVA, it might create a negative effect on your credit ratings. It reveals lenders that you are unable to manage your assets and money and hence need help.

Also, if IVAs remain on your financial record for more than six years, then it might make difficult for you to apply for loans in the future.

Having is an iva a good idea lets your business to continue trading which is not offered by the other debt agreement plans. Additionally, it will allow you to pay off the debts of your company and help you to gain more profit. 

Which Debts You Can Include an IVA?

You may use an IVA Advice in order to pay off a few common debts. Some of them are stated below:

  • Personal loans
  • Overdrafts
  • Council Tax arrears
  • Catalogue debts
  • Mortgage shortfalls
  • Hire purchase debts
  • Credit and store cards
  • The amount of money you owe to HM Revenue and Customs.

Which Debts You Can’t Cover Under an IVA Advice?

There are a few debts that you can cover an IVA Stepchange advice. Some of them are listed under.

  • Car finance
  • Students loans
  • Magistrates court files
  • Child support arrears

How Long an IVA Lasts?

Mainly an IVA lasts for sixty months or five years. But no such set length is mentioned in the Insolvency Act 1986. in some cases, an IVA is extended for more twelve months and allows the applicant to clear the due payments. But in case you have arranged a lump of money you can close the IVA agreement sooner.

Restrictions of an IVA

The IVA debt help applicants should take care of it as it might create a negative impact on your professional and personal life. Learn the restrictions that you might encounter on an IVA.

  • Your credit rating will be afflicted for 6 years from the date you started the agreement.
  • Somehow, you miss a payment, then you have to pay an extended amount to manage the arrears.
  • During the IVA, you are unable to withdraw new debts over £500.
  • In case you are planning to start up a new business during the IVA, then pay an additional contribution to the IVA.
  • At first, you should check your agreement and talk to the HR department before applying for IVA because it might affect your employment.
  • You have to declare any additional assets during the IVA. in that case, you should pay some of the value into your IVA.

Benefits of IVA (Individual Voluntary Arrangements)

As mentioned earlier, apply for an iva online, it helps you from getting bankrupt, that means if you are encountering debt problems, then check how to apply for IVA. It is a legal agreement that both parties have agreed to. Now, take a look at the advantages that it offers:

  1. It allows you to make a pocket-friendly fixed monthly or yearly payment.
  2. An IVA will only be approved while the creditors and debtors agree on changes.
  3. It helps to avoid property repossessions and as well as bankruptcy proceedings.
  4. The interest charges on your unsecured debt and will be fixed which will make payments easy.
  5. The creditors will not disturb you by calling all the time. As well as they can’t take any legal action against you without any valid reason.

Individual Voluntary Arrangements FAQs

The meaning of an Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA) is simple. In layman's words, an IVA is a legal and formal contract that binds the debtor (you) and the creditors (whom you owe the money) in a set debt management plan. In this IVA debt repayment plan, the debtor has to make regular IVA repayments within their capacity to cover the debt-money within a determined IVA tenure. During the period that IVA is in effect, the debtor should not default on payments and abide by the terms of the IVA proposals. The court regulates an IVA, so, after the IVA ends, the creditor is responsible for writing off any debtor's outstanding debts.
An IVA is a formal process. So, only qualified and licensed IVA personnel can do an IVA. If you apply for an IVA, you might need IVA help for a professional Insolvency Practitioner to set up your IVA. You are not eligible to arrange an IVA for yourself. An IVA typically lasts for four to five years. During that time, there involves IVA setup, drafting IVA proposal, IVA management, and other IVA administration tasks which an Insolvency Practitioner can only handle. As an individual who wants to write off their debts, you can only apply for an IVA and make regular repayments towards your debt, as stated in the IVA proposal.
An IVA may be a popular debt solution. But it is not fit for everyone’s situation. To be able to do an IVA, you must pass the following minimum criteria: You must have more than one creditor. If you live in Northern Ireland, Wales, or England, your debt level must exceed £5000. If you live outside of those, your total unsecured debt must be not less than £10,000. You must have a regular income source. You should be capable of at least afford a monthly repayment amount of £80 to the IVA. Whether you are eligible for an IVA or not will be assessed by the Insolvency Practitioner.
Your financial situation will ascertain whether you should go for an IVA or Bankruptcy. Regardless, an Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA) is more flexible as it can be changed pertaining to the individual’s circumstances. So, if you feel that your situation might change for the better in the near future, rather than applying for Bankruptcy, you should enter into an IVA. On the other hand, if you do not own any assets nor have enough disposable income to make debt repayments, Bankruptcy might be a better option to pay the least debt amount and get rid of the creditors. But, the effect of Bankruptcy is more severe.
By entering into an IVA, you can write off most of your unsecured debts within a set duration. However, there are some debts that an IVA does not cover. So, obligations that IVA covers usually include: Personal loans Credit cards Payday loans Store cards Catalogues Overdrafts Water bills (arrears) Gas and electricity bills (arrears) National insurance and income tax (arrears) Council tax (arrears) Veterinary bills, solicitor’s costs, if any. Benefit overpayments or tax credit Debts from friends and family When the Insolvency Practitioner drafts your IVA proposal, they will tell you which debts to include or not in an IVA.
IVA may be an excellent insolvency measure to write off your debts within a set IVA term. Even though IVA claims to make you debt-free, there are debt exemptions that IVA does not cover. There may be no limit debts that you can write off via an IVA, but debts that you cannot include are the priority debts, such as: Hire Purchase Agreements Student loans Secured loans Mortgages Child maintenance arrears TV license arrears Court fines After entering an IVA, you have to make a separate payment to clear your priority debts, if possible. You cannot make priority debts repayments via an IVA.
The standard period of an Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA) is about four to five years. This IVA tenure is extendable if there are any significant changes or if a property is included in an IVA. If you default in making regular IVA repayments, the IVA term might extend. But once the IVA term ends, you are entirely debt-free. During the period that an IVA lasts, it will have several impacts on your life, including your job, spending, savings, borrowings, business, and possessions. Therefore, you should follow the IVA terms accordingly to avoid extending the IVA term and other severe impacts.
Providing every bank detail and bank account associated with creditors is crucial. Your bank account or your bank statements per se will provide all the necessary financial information about your affairs to the Insolvency practitioner. If you hide your bank account from an IVA, the IP might end up giving you the wrong debt management plan. If not, your IVA application might fail when found the IVA administrator. Since the court regulates an IVA, any breach of IVA terms might incur court hearings. That is why you should hide a bank account or money from an IVA if you do not want to be subjected to fraud.
Few do’s of an IVA are: Identify your debt categories. Provide crucial information if significant. Keep track of your budget and paperwork. Assist your IP in solving any IVA issues. If you got any tax rebates, inform the IVA Supervisor. If you cannot make regular IVA payments, tell your Supervisor. Few don’ts of an IVA are: Do not make extra payments to your creditors out of an IVA. Don’t take unnecessary credits during an IVA. Remember to include all of your miscellaneous and unexpected expenses in your IVA.Don’t take notice of creditors’ letters. Would not buy any assets without a prior discussion with the IP. Overdrafts should not be used.
When an individual gets an IVA, they do so to get rid of their debts. Another person’s debts, income, or credit rating won’t have any effect on your IVA. An IVA under your name is your responsibility to make regular IVA contributions. So, even if your spouse is unemployed, you can get into an IVA. Since an IVA does not allow two individuals to contribute, the IVA restrictions are all on you, not your partner. Whether you tell your partner about getting an IVA is also not necessary. But, if there is another source of income in the household, your monthly IVA repayments might increase. You can discuss such matters with your IP.
Fortunately, yes. You can pay off your debts early in an IVA. Paying off an IVA early is possible if you have reasonable and more than sufficient income to make a lump sum IVA repayment. The positive side of clearing your IVA debts is that you can be debt-free sooner and cease making further monthly IVA repayments. However, note that paying off the IVA debts early does not significantly impact your credit affairs. Regardless, if you are capable and want to finish your IVA early, you can discuss it with the Insolvency Practitioner. The IVA will still emerge on your credit reference file for six years.
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